Artist: Utagawa Kuniyoshi (歌川国芳)

Print: Zhu Gui, the Dry-Land Crocodile (Kanchikotsuritsu Shuki - 旱地忽律朱貴) from the series from 108 Heroes of the Popular Suikoden All Told (Tsūzoku Suikoden gōketsu hyakuhachinin no hitori - 通俗水滸伝豪傑百八人之一個)

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Dates: circa 1827 - 1830,created
Dimensions: 10.25 in,15.125 in,Overall dimensions
Medium: color woodblock print

Signed: Ichiyūsai Kuniyoshi ga
Publisher: Kagaya Kichiemon
Marks 195 - seal 22-025
Censor's seal: kiwame

Related links: British Museum - published by Ibaya Senzaburō; Hagi Uragami Museum of Art; Tokyo National Museum; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston - published by Ibaya Senzaburō;

Physical description:

This is number 7 in Klompmakers' book on this series. It is also used on the front of the dust jacket.

Shuki is the owner of an inn near the headquarters of the band of brigands. He acts as a spy on their front lines. When he knows of a particularly vulnerable rich merchant he sends a special arrow in the direction of his cohorts' camp and they come and rob the man. When he or the group are threatened he also send one of his noise-producing arrows and the group jump into action.

"At times brutal, Shuki is known to murder travellers himself and sell their flesh as meat and their fat as lamp fuel. [Later he] becomes one of the captains of the Ryōsanpaku gang..." Source and quote from: Of Brigands and Bravery: Kuniyoshi's Heroes of the Suikoden, p. 54.


Generally the text reads: 原(もと)沂州(きしう)の沂水縣(きすいけん)の産(さん)濟州(せいしう)梁山泊(りやうさんぱく)南山(なんさん)の酒店(しゆてん)にあつて天下(てんか)の善悪(ふうぜつ)を聞(きゝ)亦(また)諸豪傑(もろもろのがうけつ)を道引(いざなひ)弩(はぢきゆみ)を射(ゐ)て山陳(さんぢん)へ時㕝(じじ)を知(しら)する

We first encounter Zhu Gui in Chapter 11 of the Outlaws of the Marsh, p. 176:

"You are one of them and I didn't know," Lin [Chong] exclaimed. "I 'had eyes and didn't recognize Mount Taishan!' Please tell me your name." He bowed politely.

The man returned the bow. "This humble person is the lookout for Chieftain Wong. I am called Zhu Gui. I come originally from Yishui County in Yizhou Prefecture. Among the fraternity I'm known as the Dry-Land Crocodile. In the guise of running this wine shop my jobis to observe the movements of merchants and travellers. I let the stronghold know if they are carrying anything of value. When you asked about Liangshan Marsh I thought I'd better find out more about you. Then you wrote your name on the wall, and I remembered people from the capital telling of your gallantry. I never thought we'd meet here today. Since lord Chai has written an introduction, Chieftain Wang is sure to welcome a man of your splendid reputation."

Zhu Gui feasted Lin with a meal of fish and meat and wine and delicacies. They ate and drank in the waterside room till half the night was gone."

[More will be added later.]


There are other copies of this print in the Ota Memorial Museum of Art and the Ishibi Prefectural Museum.


We know that this print was published over time by two different publishers. One was Kagaya Kichiebei and the other Ibaya Senzaburō. We have compared the prints produced by both houses and feel that on looks alone the one by Kagaya Kichibei is the earlier of the two. This is confirmed by the fact that the example in the British Museum, published by Ibaya Senzaburō, shows a seal only used in 1847, according to Andreas Marks.